Exosomes are small microvesicles (30–100 nm) secreted by the viable cells. Their vesicular content of genetic material (mRNAs, microRNAs) and multifunctional proteins is a key element for the intercellular communication. Their structural and functional characteristic is specific for their mother cell, therefore they represent ideal candidates for biomarkers with multiple application in the anticancer treatment response monitoring and prognosis. They can be the tumor marker of the future oncology, as well a potential weapon in anticancer therapy.
Keywords: exosomes, microvesicles, microRNA, oncology, diagnostics, treatment