Sprains are caused when the ligaments that hold the knee joint together, are stretched beyond their own capacity. There are many studies published internationally that focus on identifiing, diagnosing and treating these lesions. All of these studies focus on adquate treatment of primary leasions in order to prevent subsequent complications like chronic instabilities, posttraumatic osteoarthritis or severe functional impotence. The aim of our study is to underline the importance of surgical treatment in managing knee sprains by supporting the information found in international studies with our own clinical cases. By studiing data found in these studies and demonstrating them with our clinical cases, we arrived at the conclusion that for an adequate treatment one must first identify the primary soft tissue leasions and then choose a correct surgical method. Likewise we emphasize the importnace of treating the primary leasons, rather than treating the later, more severe complications.
Keywords: knee sprain, ligament lesions, meniscus lesions, ligament reconstruction, early treatment.