In the last decades the psychical dysfunctions and diseases became widespread in the whole world, so that the maintenance of psyhical health became a very important problem. This study is based on the application of a questionnaire among the adult population from Târgu-Mureş, Miercurea-Ciuc and Sfântu-Gheorghe towns, a representative sample stratified in more steps. Applying the Beck depression scale, our results show that 42,3% of the surveyed population has depressive signs. Women are more depressive than men. The depressive syndrome increases significantly with age, on the other hand the insufficient educational level is in direct relation with this psychical illness. Among the predispozing factors we can enumerate unemployment and the lack of family.